Tuesday, 2 August 2011

British use of the Fylfot (Swastika) in the early 20th century

The initial article on the importance of the Fylfot with Odinism can be found here.

For a small selection if images and information on Pre-Christian Fylfots within the British Isles see here.

For some images and information of Fylfots found within British Churches and Cathedrals see here.

The British author Rudyard Kipling, who was strongly influenced by Indian culture, had a swastika as his personal moniker on the covers and flyleaves of many editions of his books until the rise of Nazism made this inappropriate. One of Kipling's Just So Stories, "The Crab That Played With The Sea", had an elaborate full-page illustration by Kipling including a stone bearing what was called "a magic mark" (a swastika); some later editions of the stories blotted out the mark, but not its captioned reference, leaving readers wondering what the "mark" was. The image on the left is a scan from a Rudyard Kipling book - a 1911 edition of Puck of Pook's Hill. 

During World War I, the swastika was used as the emblem of the British National War Savings Committee. Ref - House of Commons Hansard Debates for Jun 12 1996. (pt 41)

The swastika was also used as a symbol by the Boy Scouts in the United Kingdom, and worldwide. According to "Johnny" Walker, (C.R. "Johnny" Walker. "The Fleur-de-lis and the Swastika". "Johnny Walker's Scouting Milestones Pages. November 2003) the earliest Scouting use was on the first Thanks Badge introduced in 1911. Robert Baden-Powell's 1922 Medal of Merit design adds a swastika to the Scout fleur-de-lis as good luck to the person receiving the medal. Like Kipling, he would have come across this symbol in India. During 1934 many Scouters requested a change of design because of the use of the swastika by the Nazis. A new British Medal of Merit was issued in 1935.

A bank in Bolton has refused to remove swastika mosaic tiles from the entry of a branch office constructed in 1927. A bank spokesperson replied to critics noting that "At that time, these symbols were commonly used as architectural decoration." - http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2006/apr/27/features11.g2

There are both left- and right-facing swastikas on the war memorial at the entrance to Balmoral castle in Scotland. - http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Aberdeenshire/BalmoralCastle.html

The druids in the mid 1920s adorned their dress with swastikas. Detailed in the 2004 documentary 'The Occult History of the Third Reich' and http://itwasjohnson.impiousdigest.com/luciferianism.htm

There is a Fylfot made into the brickwork on a building inside the British Aerospace factory in Broughton in Wales. It is unknown why the Fylfot was put on a brick but it has been suggested it was done so because it was an ancient Asian peace symbol. The current Broughton site which makes wings for the Airbus has a history of fighter plane construction going back to WWI.

The Royal Air Force's 273 Squadron adopted a cruciform fylfot as opposed to the Nazi Swastika which was a reversed fylfot, which it used as a squadron badge. It was around since the earliest RAF in 1918 and I understand was an emblem for the Ceylon Fighter Defence in 1939. - http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo960612/debtext/60612-41.htm and http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/h273.html

Many Churches and Cathederals in the UK feature Swastika motifs.[28][29][30] For more informatin on the Fylfot in Churches please see here: http://nikarevleshy.blogspot.com/2011/08/fylfot-in-british-churches-and.html

A Christmas greeting card issued to German POWs in the UK in 1918. Note the left facing symbol partially obscured by the helmeted head profile. On the reverse there are the usual UK postcard instructions "This space may be used for printed or written matter" etc. There are no manufacturer or other identifying marks. "Aus gefangenschaft der Heimat in treue herzlichen Weihnachtsgruss" roughly (and badly) translates as "From captivity to the homeland in faithful cordial Christmas greeting."

From the front porch of the Bletchley Park House, Buckinghamshire, England.

In DublinIreland, a laundry company known as the Swastika Laundry existed for many years in Dartry and Ballsbridge (both on the river Dodder) on the south side of the city. It was founded in 1888 as the Dublin Laundry Company. Ref. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, the company's customers were concerned about the company's name. Accordingly, it was changed to "Swastika Laundry (1912) Ltd". The company's fleet of electric delivery vans were red, and featured a black swastika on a white background. Ref.
The business started in the early 20th century and continued up until recent times. The Laundry's tall chimneystack was emblazoned with a large white Swastika, a protected structure, (refwhich was clearly visible from the surrounding streets. The name and logo eventually disappeared when the laundry was absorbed into theSpring Grove company.
In his "Irisches Tagebuch" the future Nobel Laureate, Heinrich Böll writes about a year spent living in the west of Ireland in the 1950s. While in Dublin before heading to Co. Mayo, he…
"was almost run over by a bright-red panel truck whose sole decoration was a big swastika. Had someone sold Völkischer Beobachter delivery trucks here, or did the Völkischer Beobachter still have a branch office here? This one looked exactly like those I remembered; but the driver crossed himself as he smilingly signalled to me to proceed, and on closer inspection I saw what had happened. It was simply the "Swastika Laundry", which had painted the year of its founding, 1912, clearly beneath the swastika; but the mere possibility that it might have been one of those others was enough to take my breath away." (
 "Irish Journal" translated by Leila Vennewitz (Abacus, London, 1983) pp.21-2)
The Swastika Laundry van recreated for RTE's television show, Caught In A Free State. Aired in 1984. Not the original van I stress. This van is actually a Dartry Laundry van, electric powered model which was painted to resemble the Swastika Laundry van. 
The Swastika Laundry as it was. The laundry was located on Shelbourne rd, Dublin. At one time the laundy was the biggest laundry in Western Europe washing 50,000 shirts a week. 
The Dartry Laundry van that gave rise to suspicion about The Swastika Laundry van colour. Both used electric vans and both would be seen jetting about the city. Thids particular van was painted to look like Swastika Laundry's vans for the docu drama Caught In A Free State. 
The below are images of the County Council building in Chelmsford, Essex, England

The below are images of a War Memorial in Brampton, Derbyshire, England.

The below is a wheel at Milkbridge Pub, Plymouth, UK.

Can the below be confirmed?

Cenotaph at Swansea (erected in the 1920s) also has a swastika motif.

The Balmoral War Memorial in Crathie Churchyard is another example of the Swastika emblem being used and if memory serves me,

stained glass windows of the Scottish National Memorial in Edinburgh also shows what would be deemed as a Swastika.

For more information see here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_use_of_the_swastika_in_the_early_20th_century

Linked swastika motif around Manchester Central Library, UK. Built 1930-4. (Credit)

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